HeART History-Renaissance Art/forgethimknot.com
Art History timeline/forgethimknot.com

Renaissance

Italy- 1400-1600 

Europe- 1500-1600

Baroque 1600-1700

Rococo 1700-1750

 

Teacher area for Heart History

Worksheets and Printables for Renaissance Art

List of Supplies used in these projects can be found in our HeART History Museum. You will also discover rabbit trials for History, Science, a book list for reading, printables, and more.

HeART History Museum forgethimknot.com

Parental Advice

"Rebirth"
Creativity was reborn!

Beginning in the Netherlands, Italy and Florence, the Renaissance was a time of “rebirth”. It was a cultural revolution. During the 15th through 17th centuries, Art came out of the Dark Ages and into the light. Many artists painted ancient stories such as Bible illustrations, but used their current day settings, cities and towns. 

Creativity was reborn! Artist began painting real life even more realistic. 

To accomplish this, Math would be used in Art. Leon Battista Alberti wrote a painting book for artists to create more realist artwork title, “On Painting”. 

It was a study of light, color and perspective requiring a lot of math. Artists began to break their reputations to be known as intellectual influencers. 

Paintings became more than canvas or walls as artist ventured into painting furniture for their artwork.  

For our HeART History study, we are providing links to many Renaissance artist and their works. There are too many to study them all in this one unit, but for our inspiration projects, we will focus on a handful to best illustrate a concept. 

Student area for Heart History

Light

Artists began creating and experimenting with light in their art becoming more realistic. Light sources glowed from windows, candles and oil lamps in paintings. 

When you view a painting or drawing, look for the source of light. How did the artist illustrate that source?

 

Egg and Oil

Although egg was the artist medium of choice for many years, oil was more favored by artist because it took longer to dry and allowed the artist more time. It could also become more translucent when diluted with a solvent. 

Patrons

Many artists in the Renaissance worked for patrons. A patron is someone who would hire or pay commission for a work of Art. 

One famous patron was the Medici family. They bought art for their elaborate homes and palaces to display their wealth. They were powerful and wealthy bankers. 

Renaissance Inspiration

3-D or Perspective

Egyptian and Roman Art was flat. By painting from a unified perspective, an artist could create 3-D effects allowing the viewer the ability almost walk into a painting. 

 

Portraits

Increasing in popularity from the Roman influence, portraits trendy to the wealthy. It was a status symbol. This became a challenge for artist to experiment with different angles and views in their portraits.

Landscapes and Townscapes

Landscapes became a window to the world during the Renaissance period. We can “see” through their art just what the land and creation appeared before the industrial revolution would change the scenery. 

Still Life

Although there was still life painting in the classical period, the realistic still lifes of the Renaissance was superior in realism. Food, flowers and just about any object or item in life could be inserted into a still life. 

Religious Paintings

Religious paintings are still going strong in the Renaissance Art. With the “Enlightenment” the ability to tell the stories from the Bible would no longer be hindered. 

In the Sistine Chapel at the Vatican, the “Divine Michelangelo” (Michelangelo Buonarroti) would paint the chapel ceilings by lying on his back for 4 years. 

Coming out of the Dark Ages more and more artists began telling Biblical stories and reminding people of the “moral of the story”. They did this with subtle reminders and hidden meanings. 

In the 17th Century, there was a huge religious split between the Catholic and Protestant Church 

Catholic

Admired the saints and Virgin Mary

More painting to fill the churches and chapels

Protestant

God only

Felt art was distracting to the buildings and churches. Some felt it was idol worship and destroyed much of the art. 

Renaissance Artists

We are linking the following artists from the Renaissance period to WikiArt. There is too many wonderful details and paintings for you to see and there’s no need for us to reinvent the wheel when there is so many wonderful resources. We’ll highlight a few and take inspiration from the Renaissance artists in our art lesson videos and ideas below. 

Masaccio 

Brunelleschi

Leonardo Da Vinci 

Michelangelo 

Paolo Uccello

Raffaello Sanzio 

Tiziano Vecellio “Titian”

Hans Holbein the Younger

Domenico Veneziano 

Sandro Botticelli 

Giovanni Bellini

Pieter Bruegel

Piero della Francesca

Donatello Piero 

Albrecht Durer 

Hans Holbein

Pieter Brueghel  

Giuseppe Arcimboldo

Galileo 

Baroque and Rococo

Baroque

The Baroque brought the world a dramatic style of Art that provoked an emotional reaction. 

During the 17th Century, the Royal Academy of the Arts began in Europe. (1768) It was marketed to the upper class patrons to sell artwork for the artists. Many artists, mostly men at this time, used their paintings as snapshots or souvenirs or postcards of their world travels. 

Rococo

“Elegant” from France.

The Rococo gave us an elegant and decorative style of art. It appealed to the heart rather than the mind. It was over the top and full of drama. Heavy lighting created extreme contrast similar to filter on our phone cameras when you play with the exposure. 

Portraits broke out of their frames. Arms, flowers, greenery and more items would be painted reaching out of their framed boundaries. This would be known as “Trompe L oeil” which is a French word meaning, “trick the eye”. 

Rococo art is dreamy, fairytale like mostly entertaining rather than deeply dramatic of thought provoking. It demonstrated a very privileged life and luxury. 

Filippo Lippi 

Rembrandt 

Peter Paul Rubens

Caravaggio  (1605)

Jean Antoine Watteau

Francois Boucher

El Greco

Luca Giordano 

Velazquez Francisco

Poussin 

Vermeer

Hogarth 

Canaletto 

Thepolo

Chardin 

Fragonard

Camera Obscura (Dark Chamber)

Camera Obscura (Dictionary.com):

“a darkened box-like device in which images of external objects, received through an aperture, as with a convex lens, are exhibited in their natural colors on a surface arranged to receive them: used for sketching, exhibition purposes, etc.”

Study the masters and their art, but be a student of the Master!

Renaissance Art Projects

Project #1- One Point Perspective

1 Pt Perspective

Perspective is the amount of surface you see. It is the way an artist can add depth, distance or focal points to an artwork. 

Words/Names

Create a WORD in 3D by using 1 point perspective. You can pick any word or name to practice. 

Landscape/Cityscape

What city, town or building can you draw with one point perspective? 

Road and Path

Drawing a road or path in one point perspective is easy when you know the rules to use. 

Bird's Eye View

Do you ever wonder what a bird sees when it flies over a city of buildings? You can draw that bird’s eye view with one point perspective. 

Looking Up!

Sometimes we can feel small. That’s not a bad thing when it helps us see God’s creation with a different perspective. 

Mixed Media

Draw shapes, words or letters in one point perspective on a piece of paper. Color and design your shapes and perspective guidelines. Then cut out your drawings. Glue them to another piece of black or dark colored paper for a fun new perspective artwork.  

Project #2- Two Point Perspective

2 Pt Perspective

2 Pt Perspective has 2 vanishing points on the horizon line. It allows the angles to go in two different directions. 

Drawing a 2 point perspective building doesn’t have to be hard. Let’s do it!

Cube

Draw a cube in 2 point perspective and then color it to resemble a Rubik’s Cube. 

Stacked Boxes

You probably have a bunch of cardboard boxes around your home. What could you draw with them if you applied 2 point perspective. Endless fun once you know how it’s done. 

Value

Value (light to dark) can help achieve perspective and 3D effects in Art. There are several ways you can create value. 

Project #3- Landscapes

Landscapes

If you missed it, watch the video below to work through drawing trees inspired from God’s creation.

Atmospheric Perspective

Atmospheric perspective is how we can demonstrate depth and distance in a landscape without using 1 or 2 point perspective. 

Watercolor Landscape

If you worked through the Classical Civilization unit, you will remember we painted a “Villa of Livia” watercolor. You can use the same concept for any watercolor landscape you choose. 

Galaxy Salt Painting

In honor of Galileo,  Art and Science collide in this watercolor and salt painting using your profile as your planet surface. Arcimboldo used profiles and landscapes and so can “you!”

Watercolor Tree Landscape

Create a colorful sky painting with this watercolor landscape also using a Sharpie Marker!

Lighthouse Landscape

If you worked through the Classical Civilization unit, you will remember we painted a “Villa of Livia” watercolor. You can use the same concept for any watercolor landscape you choose. 

Profile Landscape

Similar to the atmospheric perspective painting, create a mountain scape that only YOU can create. 

Oil Pastel Landscape

Oil paint is a bit messy and temperamental for beginners. Give oil pastels a try! They are softer and thicker than a crayon, but distribute beautiful color pigment onto your paper. You can use a tissue or paper towel to blend and move the color around on your landscape. 

Project #4- Still Life

Still Life

A still life can be flowers in a vase, fruit in a bowl, a fish on a plate, or a collection of items. You get to choose what belongs in your still life artwork. (VIDEO COMING SOON)

Drawing Flowers

If you are just beginning to draw flowers, here is how we draw many of our flowers. Once you learn the simple steps, you can recreate just about any flower in God’s creation. For even more detailed drawing videos, don’t forget to click the Art and Bible in the menu where you will find Drawing Flowers 101-105.

Chalk Flowers

Grab the chalk pastels and create flowers on cardstock. It gets a little messy and feels weird on your fingers, but chalk is a great medium to for still life and forms. 

Bouquet of Me Still Life

If you want a to create a still life, but don’t want to paint, grab the scissors for a fun bouquet of YOU. Once again, we’re taking inspiration from Arcimboldo to add a profile into the artwork. There are a few special guest on this project, but you can still find the art instructions to make it easy. 

Forms

Ed Emberley has written many books illustrating what you can created from your fingerprints. Using markers or ink pads, stamp your fingerprints and turn them into new creations. You can see examples on our Pinterest board.

3D Apple with Colored Pencils

This video is from our Young at HeART course to learn the elements of Art. Draw and color a 3D apple with colored pencils. Then apply the concepts to another piece of fruit until you have a complete fruit still life. 

Finger Painting

It’s time to use the most perfect paint brushes given to use from God…. your fingers.  Acrylic paint or a kids finger paint is best for this project. We also like a sturdy acrylic paper or canvas. 

More ideas and activities

Religious Painting/Drawing

Draw, illustrate, paint or choose your method of creating  your favorite Bible story similar to the Renaissance religious paintings. Here is a simple tape and chalk resist drawing of the empty tomb. 

2. Illustrate your favorite Bible story, but place it in a modern day setting. 

Aluminum Tape Cross

One of our favorite out of the box mediums to use is aluminum tape from the hardware store. All you need is the tape, yarn and some cardstock or cardboard….and maybe a little patience!

Design an Invention

Become a Da Vinci inventor:

1. Draw an invention that you see can be a solution to a problem.

2. Improve on an invention that is already in use, but could be better. 

3. Create a terrible invention! Why? Because sometimes a bad invention planned for one use can become a solution to a different problem. 

Did you know PlayDoh was originally invented to remove soot from fireplaces and brick? We are so glad it was reimagined for kids to explore art creations…aren’t you?

Portraits

  1. Practice drawing individual face elements such as eyes, nose, mouth, ears, and face shapes. Use different angles to find the highlights and shade. 
  2. Draw from a picture or photograph. 
  3. Turn your photograph into a coloring page with an app. Then practice drawing the lines you see. 
  4. Turn a photograph upside down to confuse your brain that you are drawing a “person”. This helps you see the areas of light and shade, spaces and lines rather than a “person”. 

Action Figures

Practice drawing people in action. 

Arcimboldo Style

1. Draw portraits of your family members using fruit and veggies!

2. Pick a theme of things you love and use them to draw yourself. 

3. Place a piece of clear acetate on top of a photograph of yourself. Trace the lines with a Sharpie Marker. Flip over the acetate and color the some of the sections on the  back with markers. 

On a separate sheet of paper, draw things that represent you where they will fall around your drawing when you place the acetate and paper together. 

Michelangelo Style

Place a sheet of paper underneath a table. Paint a painting while lying on your back! 

Take it Outside

Enough of drawing from pictures…. go outside with a sketchbook and draw the world around you!

Draw From a New Perspective

Lie on your back and draw what you see. You can do this in your home or take it outside and draw from underneath a tree. We miss a lot of God’s creation when we only view it from our normal perspectives.